" we wold like our people to know also that we love them more than ourselves and that we wish to sacrifice our souls for their honour, glory, dignity, religion and their aspirations, we work for people only for God's sake more than we work for ourselves; we are for- our belover brothers- and we will never be against you".

Imam Hassan Al Banna.








Mubarak Sends MB Leaders To Military Tribunal!



Once again, the Egyptian regime proved its absolute disrespect of law and human rights.

As if it was not brutal enough of regime to arrest tens of innocent members of the Muslim Brotherhood, whose only crime was that they are peacefully opposing the corruption, authoritarianism, and tyranny of the regime, nor was it enough to re-arrest them after they were released by civilian courts, completely overlooking and disrespecting the rule of law in the country.

The regime decided to utilize the unjustifiable silence by the international community (the very same voices who claim to be supporting democracy, human rights and the rule of law) and took its campaign against the largest opposition power a step further, this time presenting MB leaders to martial courts.

The motives behind this decision are quite clear; the detained MB members are innocent people who will be surely released by civilian courts. The charges are clearly politically and lack any legal bases; a fact that would send the detainees out of prison, against the regime's will.

Actually the most dangerous crime committed by these leaders is that they pose a threat to the "tawreeth" plan; the devilish plan of passing power from President Mubarak to his younger son Gamal. They pose a serious threat to that authoritarian plan because they enjoy public support, and work within the framework of the constitution, hence putting the regime in an awkward position. The MB is "dangerous" in the eyes of the regime because it does not compromise on fighting corruption, it teaches people to defend their political rights, and threatens the interests of corrupt rulers.
This is not the first time MB leaders are tried by martial courts; this happened before under the
Nasser regime and under Mubarak regime just over a decade ago. It is very significant how history repeats itself, as there are lots of similarities between today's arrests, and those of 1995.

Both acts of brutality came simultaneously with the MB's attempt to form a political party; conveying a very clear message from the regime to democracy activists. It is very clear that if there is one thing the regime won't tolerate it will be the Muslim Brotherhood forming a political party.

The regime's struggle with the Brotherhood is not an ideological struggle; they are not banning the MB because it is an "Islamist" party, and they are not arresting its members because they pose a threat to the society. In fact, all the crackdowns of the Egyptian regime and the manipulation of law could fall under one big title, which is Survival Strategies. The Egyptian regime is fighting the MB out of fear of competition and being exposed with all its corruption and lack of justice. 

This is not to say that the MB does not have a reform program that is ideologically different than that adopted by the regime, for in fact the MB does have its unique reform program; a peaceful comprehensive program that stems from an indigenous ideology and presents a modern framework of reform.

This move by the regime will not force the MB out of its chosen peaceful path of reform, but it will have negative impacts on the Egyptian society. With the masses realizing that peaceful reform is unfruitful and leads its supporters to br dragged to martial courts and prison, ordinary citizens will hardly find an strong argument for peaceful reform, as opposed to the violent, terrorist reform, that will enjoy the empowerment of its radical sentement. 

This has already happened before, when the 1995 arrests gave rise to terrorist movements which have clear ideological differences with the MB at the cost of the reformist MB; a fact that was manifested in the terrorist attacks that took place all over Egypt in the mid 1990s, and the brutal terrorist attacks that killed tens of tourists in Luxor in 1997.
Yet the effect of the arrests will be worse this time. With the technological evolution, "neo-terrorists" do not need to organize in large cells to undertake terrorist attacks, but only need to form small cells, and learn everything about producing bombs from the internet, and then carry on their deadly attacks to kill innocent people.

This unjustifiable move by the regime is not an attack on the MB as much as it's an attack on the opposition in Egypt; it is not an attack on Islamists as much as it's an attack on democracy, and it is not dangerous to the MB as much as it is to the Egyptian society.

Names of MB Leaders Referred to Military Court

Lawyer Mostafa Al Demeiri said that the MB detainees told the defense panel that they were officially informed that a military court will investigate into and hear their case no. 963 high state security which known as Al-Azhar students case.


Eight Muslim Brotherhood members are scheduled to be tried in absentia in front of the military tribunal because five of them are living abroad:

Youssef  Nada
Ali Himmat Ghaleb
Ibrahim Farouk Al Zayyat
Fathi Ahmed Al Khouli
Dr.Tawfik Al Wa'i

While the security forces didn't manage to arrest three others:
Asaad Al-Sheikh
Hassan Zalat
Ahmed Mohamed Abdul Ati

The other 32 MB detainees will be tried in person before the military tribunal:
Eng. Khairat Al Shater (The second deputy chairman of the Muslim Brotherhood)

Dr. Mohamed Ali Beshr (Muslim Brotherhood Executive Bureau member and a professor at the Faculty of Engineering, Monofiya university)

Dr. Khaled Awda, a businessman and a professor at the Faculty of Science, Asyut University and the son of martyr Abdul Qader Awda, MB legend who was executed by president Nasser in the 1950s.

Eng. Ahmed Shousha (businessman)
Hassan Malek (businessman)
Sadek al Sharkawy (businessman)
Eng. Mamdouh Al Husseini
Dr. Farid Galbat, a professor in the Faculty of Sharia and Law, Al-Azhar University.
Said Saad Ali
Mohamed Mehanna Hassan
Dr. Mohamed Hafez
Dr.Mohamed Baligh
Diya' Al-Din Farahat
Dr. Salah Al Desouki (A professor at the Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University)
Fathi Mohamed Baghdadi (Al-Masaei school principal)
Eng. Ayman Abdul Ghani
Eng. Mahmoud Al Morsi
Dr. Essam Abdul Mohsen (A professor at the Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University)
Dr. Mahmoud Abu Zeid (a surgery professor at Al-Qasr Al-Aini faculty of medicine)
Ahmed Ezzuddin (journalist)
Mostafa Salem (accountant),
Sayed Maarouf (a manager at Omar Effendi Co.)
Gamal Shaban (accountant)
Yasser Abdou (accountant and Secretary-General of the Syndicate of Commercial Professions in Giza)
Ahmed Ashraf ( the manager of the Islamic Publishing House)
Mohamed Mahmoud Abdul Gawaad
Ahmed Al Nahhas
Dr.Essam Hashish (A professor at the Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University and a Muslim Brotherhood leader in Giza)
Medhat Al-Haddad, Director of Arabiya for Construction Co.
Osama Abdul Mohsen Sharby, Director of Egilica Tourism Co.
Dr. Abd Al-Rahman Saudi, Director of the Urban Development Co. and a Muslim Brotherhood leader in Giza
Dr. Amir Bassam a Muslim Brotherhood candidate in 2005 legislative elections for Sharqiya.


Muslim Brotherhood members to be tried

by court known for swift trials with no appeal

The Associated Press

Published: February 6, 2007

CAIRO, Egypt: Several members of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's most powerful opposition movement, were referred Tuesday to the military court system, known for its swift trials and no right of appeal.

The move represents and escalation of the state's crackdown on the group, many of whose members have been jailed for periods of several months during the last two years, but were not convicted by the courts. Those members were detained pending investigation or under legal provisions for precautionary custody.

Egypt's state-run Middle East News Agency reported Tuesday that state security transferred an unspecified number of Muslim Brotherhood members, including Khayrat el-Shater, to a military court.

El-Shater, the Brotherhood's No. 3 member and a leading strategist was among 29 others whose assets were ordered frozen late January by an Egyptian prosecutor.

He was arrested in mid-December along with about 140 other members on allegations they were recruiting students and providing them with combat training, knives and chains.

The last time a group of Muslim Brotherhood members was referred to a military court was in late 2001, when 22 were put on trial, a lawyer for the group, Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Maksoud told The Associated Press.

The recent campaign against the Brotherhood began in December after some 50 Brotherhood students staged a military-style parade at Al-Azhar Islamic University.

Egypt's official news agency, MENA reported the Brotherhood members were referred to the military court system because "their crimes" "make the law of the military court applicable."

The banned organization is Egypt's largest political opposition group and won 88 of parliament's 454 seats in 2005 elections, with its candidates running as independents.

The group, founded in 1928, was banned in 1954.


Transferring MB to Military Tribunal

Hurts Egyptian Interests

The decision of referring Khairat Al Shater and other Muslim Brotherhood (MB) leaders to court-martial is a flagrant violation of the rights of citizenship said MB leader, Dr. Essam El-Erian, commenting on referring Eng. Khairat Al Shater and other top MB leaders to a military tribunal.

El-Erian added in a statement to Ikhwanweb that: Every Egyptian citizen has the right of appearing before a civil not a military tribunal and in front of an independent judiciary and has the right of lodging appeals and complaints in addition to all legal rights which a military tribunal lacks.

Al-Erian added that:" While the Egyptian regime is propagating for the constitutional amendments and is confirming that there is a political reform,this authoritarian Egyptian regime is surprisingly transferring this group of MB leaders to a military court in an inhumane manner.

Al Erian described the decision of transferring them to a military as unjust, and a flagrant violation of the rights of these citizens and their families in addition to creating a state of instability and harms Egyptian interests inside and outside.
Al Erian pointed out that this decision shows that the Egyptian civil judiciary protects all Egyptians;thus, they must defend the independence and full freedom of the judiciary.


Rights Organizations Reject

Transferring Al Shater, MB Members to Military Courts

By: Ikhwanweb - Cairo Egypt
Sunday 11 February 2007

A number of human rights organizations expressed their complete rejection to referring Khairat Al Shater and other Muslim Brotherhood leaders to the military courts and considered this as a serious violation to the right of having a fair trial which is guaranteed by the constitution and international human rights covenants.
  The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights and the
Arab Center for Democracy and Human Rights demanded in a statement, a copy of which was obtained by Ikhwanweb, that Al Shater and other MB leaders appear before a civil court, and repeal emergency laws .

The statement pointed out that the military courts violate many guarantees which are necessary for having a fair trial like: violating the defendant's right to prepare his defense, violating the defense right in knowing the case files and meeting clients privately, and not taking into consideration torturing the defendants; add to this that the military courts are exceptional courts for civilians, because their rulings can't be challenged in front of any other court, and their rulings aren't supervised by any higher Court to observes the right application of law; these rulings are only ratified by the president who is also the supreme commander of the armed forces or any  authorized military officer.

The statement demanded also repealing the state of emergency which is imposed since 1981, according to which are violated the rights and public freedoms guaranteed by the constitution and international human rights covenants, and specially the right to appear before a fair trial. The statement demands also including the various political powers in the fabric of the Egyptian society and allowing them to participate in the political process, and allowing political powers to form parties regardless of their intellectual affiliations and allowing them to have a space in the political landscape.



Egypt shifts its strategy in tackling Brotherhood

Published: Tuesday, 6 February, 2007, 09:34 AM Doha Time

By Alaa Shahine

CAIRO: The Egyptian government has widened its crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, opting for new tactics to prevent the countrys strongest opposition group from advancing further into mainstream politics.

Analysts say Egypt fears that unless it stops the Islamists now, they will make enough gains in coming elections to bypass rules aimed at blocking them from eventually mounting a real challenge for Egypts presidency.

The Brotherhood won nearly one-fifth of seats in the lower house of the parliament in 2005, its members running as independents to bypass the 53-year-old ban on the group.

Past mass arrests have failed to curb the Brotherhoods progress. Now Egypt has launched a new strategy including an aggressive campaign against its finances, detaining key financiers, freezing assets and raiding businesses.

The Brotherhood has crossed the red lines and gone beyond the space the regime allows for opposition, so now it has to be weakened, political analyst Amr el-Choubaki said.

The regime has realised that the tactics of mass arrests were not effective, so it is opting for new methods.

The Brotherhood says it wants a democratic state which has Islam as state religion but does not bar non-Muslims from power.

Members of the Brotherhood, which operates openly despite the official ban, have also been barred from running in trade union polls, a move analysts say may be a dress rehearsal for blocking them from future elections including the 2007 race for parliaments upper house.

In December Islamist students staged a protest at Al Azhar University wearing militia-style uniforms, which analysts say gave the government the excuse it needed for a new clampdown.

A media campaign and a round of arrests followed that saw 270 Brotherhood members detained including third-in-command Khairat el-Shatir, who is also seen as a key financier.

He (Shatir) is the highest ranking Brotherhood official to be detained in a long time and arresting him sends a message that the groups leader could be next, said Mohamed Salah, an expert on Islamist groups.

Authorities also froze the assets of Shatir and 28 fellow Islamists, a move the Brotherhood says is politically motivated.

Meanwhile, Egyptian media have accused the Brotherhood of forming a militia a charge it denies and some even linked it to a knife attacker terrifying women in a Cairo suburb.

President Hosni Mubarak has said the Brotherhood poses a threat to Egypts security and economy. He has proposed constitutional changes to ban religious parties.

The proposals are expected to ease restrictions on recognised but weak opposition parties to run for president while entrenching restrictions on independent candidates.

Such restrictions, the Brotherhood claims, aim to ensure a smooth succession for Mubaraks politician son Gamal, who, though,  has repeatedly denied presidential ambitions.

To bypass restrictions barring independent candidates from running for president, the Brotherhood would need the approval of 25 members of parliaments upper house and 160 from local councils, where it has little presence.




UN Report: Hepatitis Patients 5 million Egyptians

Thursday, February 08, 2007

The latest government survey in Egypt confirms that at least five million people in Egypt are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), amid an increasing number of infections, said a UN report.

The report pointed that " The annual infection rate is more than 70,000 new cases, of which at least 35,000 would have chronic hepatitis C."

The report quoted Dr Manal el-Sayed, Professor of Paediatrics at Cairo's Ain Shams University and member of the National Hepatitis Committee Hepatitis C saying that hepatitis C virus is a lethal virus which can cause liver cirrhosis and cancer. Egypt has one of the highest prevalence rates of the virus in the world, as an estimated 10-15 percent of the population, some 8-10 million people, are carrying hepatitis C antibodies, meaning that they either have or at one time had the virus. Five million of those are actively infected.

The Egyptian Health Ministry officials warned that by the year 2020 "we are going to have so many patients who are having liver failure and liver cancer, because the disease may remain inactive for 10 to 30 years. Treatment of HCV is usually done with a drug called Interferon. However the most typical type of HCV in Egypt has about a 40 percent resistance to the drug. Although research is ongoing, no more effective treatment is yet available.

 The report said that the Health Ministry is trying to produce  the Interferon with a reduced cost, but even with the cost of Interferon reduced, the financial burden of Egypt's HCV problem is huge. It estimates that of the five million people actively infected with the virus, around one million currently need treatment. A year's treatment for a person with signs of liver damage from HCV costs around LE 25,000 (about US $4,500) - a sum few can afford.


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